|Evaluation of phytochemical composition and in vivo antioxidant activity of gum arabic (Acacia senegal) aqueous extract in rats
Hala Elrayah Ahmed, Samia Hussein Abdlrahman, Sara Ahmed Mohamed, Salwa Mohamed Elbasheir and Samia Mohamed Elbadwi
J Anim Physiol Nutr Sci, 2020, 1(2): 20-23.
AbstractFull text pdf
The objective of the present study was to find the phytochemical analysis of Gum Arabic (Acacia Senegal) in vitro and in vivo study. The rats were divided randomly into four groups (n=10), and placed in metabolic cages. The groups include normal control (fed with the standard diet and water ad libitum), Gentamicin group (Gentamicin 80 mg/kg/day i.p.) and Gum Arabic treated groups (250 and 500mg/kg/day). The radical scavenging activity (RSA) of Gum arabic aqueous extract was found to be 20%. The phytochemical screening of the extracts exhibits the presence of Flavonoids, Saponins and Cumarins. The results indicated that Gum Arabic aqueous extract improved the activities of catalase and superoxide dismutase in Albino rats.CONTACT:Dr. Samia Abdlrahman, firstname.lastname@example.org Central Veterinary Research laboratory, Soba, Sodan.
|Effects of feeding date palm by-product-based diet on semen quality of Awassi rams under summer and winter seasons in Qatar
Md. Mazharul Islam, Muzzamil Atta, Osman Mahgoub, Isam T. Kadim3, Randa Abdeen, Sowaid A. Al-Malki, Mamdouh I. El-Magrabi and Imad M.T. Fadlalla
J Anim Physiol Nutr Sci, 2020, 1(2): 24-28.
AbstractFull text pdf
The study aimed at examination of effects of replacing a diet based on barley grains and Rhodes hay (CD) with a diet based on crushed palm fronds and discarded date (NCD) on Awassi rams’ semen quality at summer and winter seasons. The two diets were iso-caloric and iso-nitrogenous. Eight rams were individually accommodated and fed their allocated diet treatment. Semen was collected using sheep artificial vagina twice monthly. Four adaptation and 11 experimental collections were conducted during April, May, June, July and August months as summer collections. Four adaptations and 13 experimental collections were conducted during November, December, January and February as winter collections. Semen samples were evaluated for volume, consistency, mass activity, individual motility, sperm concentration, dead and abnormal sperms. Effects of diet treatment, and season of collection on obtained data were tested by two-way analysis of variance. Results showed ejaculate volume of 0.920.36 ml, concentration of 2.011.53×109 sperms/ml, mass activity of 4.51.1 score, individual motility of 88.715.10%, abnormal sperms percentage of 8.79.83% and dead sperm percentage of 15.215.0%. There was a significant effect of season indicating poor quality for most of semen traits during the summer. There was no significant variation between the studied traits due to diet treatments. The findings indicated that feeding NCD did not alter semen quality compared to CD. There are indications that semen quality of Awassi rams reduced during hot months of the year. The study also documented for the incidence of different sperms abnormalities.To cite this article: Md. Mazharul Islam, Muzzamil Atta, Osman Mahgoub, Isam T. Kadim, Randa Abdeen, Sowaid A. Al-Malki, Mamdouh I. El-Magrabi and Imad M.T. Fadlalla, 2020. Effects of feeding date palm by-product-based diet on semen quality of Awassi rams under summer and winter seasons in Qatar. J Anim Physiol Nutr Sci, 1(2): 24-28.